Spoils of power and the spoiling of ballots
For twenty years, akin to the tomb of the unknown soldier, the framed ballot paper with two decisive 'X's alongside the faces of Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerk graces my study wall. They have helped start many a conversation and when my son and ...
How about we revisit the race question?
The Apartheid system inevitably failed in the 1980s in the face of mounting opposition until 1990 when the then President Frederik Willem de Klerk began negotiations to end apartheid. This culminated in the multi-racial democratic elections in 1994 ...
Apartheid Did Not Die in South Africa: Twenty Years by Another Name
On 11 February, 1990, Nelson Mandela stepped out on the balcony of Cape Town City Hall with the miners' leader Cyril Ramaphosa supporting him. Free at last, he spoke to millions in South Africa and around the world. This was the moment, ... They joked ...
Win Tin's Lessons for Burma
The Irrawaddy News Magazine
During a speech in 2012 at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, former South African President F.W. de Klerk shared how he and Nelson Mandela worked to adopt their country's first fully democratic constitution in late 1993.